BOSCH EWE-FCP500-IW--> 100--> Kahn Julius Muck-rakers of other days. Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910

Kahn Julius Muck-rakers of other days. Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910

Kahn Julius Muck-rakers of other days. Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910

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Muck-Rakers of Other Days: Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910 by Julius Kahn

Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 4, 1910" See other formats AT LOS ANGELES "MUCK-RAKERS OF OTHER DAYS" SPEECH OF HON. JULIUS KAHN OF CALIFORNIA IN THE HOUSE OF KEPKESENTATIYES SATURDAY, MARCH, 1910 WASHINGTON GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1910 353528875 SPEECH OF ON.

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"Muck-rakers of other days." Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910.

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Muck-Rakers of Other Days. Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910
Muck-Rakers of Other Days.

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Julius Kahn was a German-born American politician.

"Muck-rakers of other days." Speech of Hon. Julius Kahn of California in the House of Representatives, Saturday, March 26, 1910. (eBook, 1910) []

He served as a member of the U. S. House of Representatives from California's 4th district. Full text of ""Muck-rakers of other days.
JULIUS KAHN The House being in Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union and having under consideration the bill H.
KAHN said : Mr.
CHAIRMAN : Availing myself of 4 latitude allowed under the rules of the House in general debate when the House is in Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, I desire at this time to address myself to the subject of " Muck-rakers of other days.
Yet he also typifies the man who, in.
Now, it is very neces- sary that we should not flinch from seeing what is vile and debasing.
There is filth on the floor, and it must be scraped up with a muck-rake ; and there are times and places where this service is the most needed of all the services that can be performed.
It puts a premium on knavery untruthfully to attack an honest man, or even with hysterical exaggeration to assail a bad man with untruth.
An epidemic of criminal assault upon character does not good, but very great harm.
The soul of every scoundrel is gladdened whenever an honest man is assailed, or even when a scoundrel is untruthfully assailed.
After that vigorous protest against indiscriminate attacks upon public officials.
BO far as some of the newspapers and magazines were concerned, it was hoped that a more moderate tone a tone rather of criticism than abuse would mark the course of these periodicals.
As a matter of fact, the attacks still continue possibly a little more virulent, if anything.
Fortunately, ссылка large majority of the newspapers and magazines of this country do not attempt to diverge from the path of fair, decent criticism.
And I firmly believe that every honest man in public life welcomes that kind of criticism.
But there is another class of newspapers and magazines that descend to vituperation and abuse upon the merest pretext.
Possibly it is done to swell the subscription list, for it is a matter of history that the circulation of the Rich- mond Recorder increased enormously when its editor, Callender, began his on- slaughts on Thomas Jefferson.
But at any rate these publications all too fre- quently ссылка the motives and malign the character of the object of their attacks; they even endeavor to point the finger of suspicion against the probity and integrity of that particular official that has fallen under their displeasure.
So Накопительный электрический водонагреватель EWH Royal Flash have attacks of this character challenged my attention during the past year that I began to wonder whether the early Presidents, whose names Lave come down to us as the very embodiment of the highest type of American patriotism and official integrity, were also the subject of such fierce villification and abuse in the periodicals published in their particular day and generation.
I had not proceeded far in my investigation ere I found that they, too, had been the victims of muck-rakers.
But knowing how their memory is revered by the great majority of our countrymen, I became convinced that these attacks usually have little effect upon posterity.
They are soon forgotten, and the men whose characters are assailed invari- ably stand out as shining examples in their country's history shining examples lor the youth of the laud to follow arid emulate.
I am reminded of a little iiici- 353528875 3 418549 dent that occurred In the city of Sacramento In 1895 during a session of the California legislature.
Frank McLaughlin, a well-known citizen of our State, was at the capital attending to some matters pending before the legisla- ture.
One morning there appeared in one of the San Francisco newspapers an article which reiloctod somewhat upon the good name and character of an esti- mable citizen of Oakland, Cal.
Indignant at the attack, this citizen wired to Major McLaughlin, as follows : Brand the article in this morning's paper false as hell!
Such tactics will act as a boomerang.
I ain coming up this evening.
Whereupon Major McLaughlin promptly wired back : I have looked all over Sacramento, but I can not find a " false as hell " branding Iron.
I would like to help you propel the boomerang, but I do not know just in which direction to throw it.
Keep frapp6, old man 1 To-day's newspapers are lost in starting to-morrow'S fires.
Chairman, my investigation has led me to recognize the profound phil- osophy concealed in that last sentence.
I soon found that during the first administration of President Washington he had been the subject of more or less attack in the pamphlets and newspapers of that epoch.
But it was during his second administration that the muckrakers посмотреть больше that era came out in вот ссылка open and made him the target of bitter invective and vituperation such as has seldom been equaled hi the annals of our country.
As every student of history will recall, after the outbreak of the French Revolution there arose two powerful factions in the United States.
One of these, under the leadership of Thomas Jefferson and his followers, strongly espoused the cause of France, especially in her struggle against England and Spain.
The other, under the leadership of President Washington, which desired to maintain a strict neutrality, was accused of being pro-English.
At any rate, feeling ran high, and it was openly Шайба М 10 DIN 7980 нержавеющая пружинная гроверная (гровер) that the French party was trying to embroil this country in a war with Great Britain.
Some of the debates in the House of Representatives grew exceedingly acrimonious, and on the occa- sion of Washington's birthday in 1793 the usual resolution to adjourn for half an hour in order that the Congress might pay its respects to the illustrious Chief Executive was, for the first time, opposed, although the motion ultimately carried.
Realizing the necessity for settling the differences that existed between thia country and PJ18592EGD Серьги through diplomatic channels.
Washington appointed John Jay, then Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, to the posi- tion of minister plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary to the Court of St.
James, and the Senate promptly confirmed the appointment.
It was then that the muckrakers began to pour out all their vials of wrath upon the head of the Father of his Country.
As a matter of fact, some of the scribblers of that era began to assail him by calling him the stepfather of his country.
But here are a few samples of the vaporiugs of the writers of that period : It has now become a question whether Congress is necessary or of any utility to the country.
Perhaps it would correspond more with the wishes of the Executive and bis satellites if Congress was to adjourn sine die and leave all to them.
Faithless, unprincipled, and aristocratical moderatist, who would offer up the liberties of thy fellow-citizens on the altar of administration, and the sacred obligations of our country, though бар Фруктово-ягодный (с концентратором кислорода MAF-005B) not thine, on the altar of treachery and dishonor!
How long are we to submit to the exertions of a set of men among us who wish to prostrate us at the feet of Great Britain and barter away everything freemen hold dear?
Is there not one propitious gale to kindle the embers of expiring liberty again to consume its conspirators?
Disguised moderatists forbear 1 Freemen are stow to anger, but when aroused moderation and forbearance may forsake them.
The treaty which Mr.
The first copy was placed in the hands of President Washington on the evening of March 7, 1795.
Its terms seem to have heeu made public surreptitiously about a week later, and forthwith its friends and its opponents commenced a regular tirade of abuse, the one against the other.
Soon after the following notice was printed in Richmond, Yn.
Notice Is hereby given that in case the treaty entered Into hy that damned archtraitor, John Jay, with the British tyrant should be ratified a petition will he presented to the next general assembly of Virginia, at their next session, praying that the said State may recede from the Union and be left under the government and protection of 100,000 free and independent Virginians.
As it is the wish of the people of the said State to enter into a treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation with any other State or States of the present Union who are averse to returning again under the galling yoke of Great Britain, the printers of the United States are requested to publish the above notification.
John Jay was assailed in this fashion : Hear the voice of truth, hear and believe!
Men of America, he betrayed you with a kiss!
As soon as he set foot on the soil нажмите чтобы прочитать больше England he kissed the Queen's hand.
He kissed the Queen's hand, and with that kiss betrayed away th" rights of man and the liberty of America.
What is that from?
That is from one of the newspapers of that particular period.
You do not know which one it was?
But I will say to niy friend that this extract and all the others which I shall read may be found in certain histories, biographies, memoirs, and pamphlets which I found in the Congressional Library.
But when it became known that the President had signed the treaty, there was a perfect torrent of vindictive abuse that flowed from the pens of the parti- san journalists and pamphleteers of that day and generation.
The Aurora, one of the most rabid of the newspapers of that period, declared: The President has violated the Constitution.
He has made a treaty with a nation that is the abhorrence of our people.
He has treated our remonstrance's with pointed con- tempt.
The answers to the respectful 4 of Boston and Philadelphia and New York sound like the omnipotent director of a seraglio.
One writer, who signed himself "A Calm Observer.
Will it not say that the mask of political hypocrisy has been worn by Caesar, by Cromwell, aud by Washington alike?
Another, who styled himself " Pittachus,'' wrote : Happily the public mind is rapidly changing.
Hitherto the name of Washington has been fatal to the popularity of every man against whom it was directed.
Now it is as harmless as John O'Nooke or Tarn O'Stiles.
To be an opposer of the President will soon be a passport to popular favor.
One who assumed the nom de plume of Valerius attacked him because he no longer indulges in the manly walk, nor rides the generous steed ; he no longer con- tinues such exercise.
He receives visits and returns none.
Are these republican virtues?
Do they command our esteem?
From this time on till his retirement from the Presidency the attacks became more and more vitriolic.
His military, his civil, his political, his private domestic character were all arraigned, and he was asserted to be destitute of merit, either as a man or as a soldier.
The Secretary of the Treasury testified that the appropriations made by the legislature had never been exceeded.
Still the charge was repeated with an effrontery which passed with some for the firmness of conscious rectitude.
To endeavor to prove that the writer of those lines did not overstep the bounds of truth when he characterized the attacks on President Washington in 4 forceful language, I will, as I proceed, quote a few extracts from the news- 353528875 на этой странице and pamphlets that were issued toward the closing days of his adminis- tration.
The Aurora, of March 23, 1796, printed this : If ever a nation was debauched by a man, American Nation has been debauched by Washington.
Let his conduct, then, be an example to future avos ; let it serve to he a warning that no man may be an idol ; let the history of the Federal Government instruct mankind that the mask of patriotism may be worn to conceal the foulest designs airalnst the liberty of the people.
What wifl posterity say of the man who has done this thing?
Will It not say that the mask of political hypocrisy has been worn by Caesar, by Cromwell, and by Washington, alike?
It seems almost incredible that in the days of President Washington such language could have been printed in any newspaper in this fair land.
How could he do otherwise?
How could any man, who had at heart the love of his country that our first great President had, do otherwise?
How could any man of his patriotic nature have remained silent under such abuse?
And so he wrote a letter to his friend, Governor Lee, of Virginia, and I commend to this commit- tee the language of that letter, for it well may be taken as an excellent model of remonstrance against the vile attacks that are being made upon public men in our own day.
The President said : That there are in this, as in all other countries, discontented characters I well know, as also that these characters are actuated by very different views.
Some good, from the opinion that the measures of the General Government are impure; some bad and if I might be allowed to use so harsh an expression diabolical, inasmuch as they are not only meant to impede the measures of government generally, but more especially to de- stroy the confidence which it is necessary the people should place until they have un- equivocal proof of demerit in their servants, for in this light I consider myself whilst I am an occupant of office ; and if they were to go further and call me their slave during this period I would not dispute the point with them.
But in what will this abuse ter- minate?
For the result, as it respects myself, I care not.
I have a consolation within me of Which no earthly efforts can deprive me, and that is that neither ambition nor interested motives have influenced my conduct.
The arrows of malevolence, however barbed and pointed, can never reach my most valuable part ; though, whilst I am up as a mark, they will be continually aimed at me.
The publications in Freneau's and Bache's papers are outrages on common decency, and they progress in that style in proportion as their pieces are treated with contempt and passed over in silence by those against whom they are directed.
Their tendency, however, is too obvious to be mistaken by men of cool and смотрите подробнее passionate minds and, in my opinion, ought to alarm them, because it is difficult to pre- scribe bounds to their effect.
Every American is proud of this city of Washington, with Its superb Capitol and its modest 4 architecturally beautiful White House.
The construction of these buildings was authorized and commenced during the administration of President Washington.
Hark, now, to this extract from one of the publications of that period : Ninety-seven thousand dollars have gone into the President's house and as much more Is wanted.
Eighty thousand dollars spent upon the Capitol and the building scarcely above the foundation walls.
Has not that a familiar ring to it?
But who, to-day, begrudges a single dollar that was expended upon either building?
The fact that Washington, as a general rule, treated these calumnies with dis- dainful silence was construed by his enemies as a confession of their truth.
But that the attacks sank deep and embittered the life of our first Chief Executive is evidenced by this extract from a letter written to Thomas Jefferson : To this I may add, and very truly, that until the last or two I had no concep- tion that parties would, or even could, go to the lengths I have been witness to ; nor did I believe until lately it was within the bounds of probability hardly within those of possibility that while I wag using my utmost exertions to establish a national character of pur own, independent, as far as our obligations and justice would permit, of every nation of the earth, and wished, by steering a steady course, to preserve this country from the horrors of a desolating war, I should be accused of being the enemy of our Nation and subject to the influence of another, and to prove it that every act of my administration would be tortured and the grossest and most insidious misrepresentations of them be 353528875 made by giving one side only of a subject, and that, too, In xven exaggerated and indecent terms is could scarcely be Стандартный цилиндр Festo DNC-63-50-PPV-A to a A'ero, to a notorious defaulter, or even to a com- mon pickpocket.
In the letter to Governor Lee and also in the letter to Jefferson, of which the foregoing i but an extract, Washington referred to a notorious muck-raker of that day whose name was Benjamin Franklin Bache.
He was a grandson of Benjamin Franklin, had political aspirations, but failed to receive a coveted appointment from the President.
He forthwith became a sorehead, and in sea- son as well as out of season this blackguard hurled his miserable abuse at the then Executive.
As early as 1777 a cabal had been organized against General Washington when he was Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.
In order to destroy his influence in that army and to poison the public mind, a number of forged letters were cunningly devised, so as to arouse a suspicion of his fidelity to the American cause.
They were intended to convey the im- pression that he was attached to the cause of England.
In order to spread a belief in such an act of treachery, the conspirators cir- culated a story that these letters had been captured from Washington's mulatto boy near Fort Lee.
They were shown to be rank forgeries at the time the story was first circulated, but this muck-raker Bache now reprinted them as being absolutely genuine.
I doubt whether we can find anywhere a more nefari- ous instance of bitter, vindictive partisanship.
Other opponents of Washing- ton reprinted the story, and it spread so rapidly and was repeated so persist- ently that at the very end of his administration, on the day of his retirement from the Presidency, Washington felt compelled to write a denial of the genu- ineness of the forged letters, and requested that this denial be placed among the archives of the Department of State, in order that future generations might not be deceived by the wicked designs of his enemies.
It is but proper that I quote a portion of that statement at this time: At the time when these letters first appeared it was notorious to the army immediately under my command, and particularly to the gentlemen attached to my person, that my mulatto man, Billy, had never been one moment in the power of the enemy.
It is also a fact that no part of my baggage or any of my attendants were captured during the whole course of the war.
These well-known facts made it unnecessary during the war to call the public attention to the forgery by any express declaration of mine, and a firm reliance on my fellow-citizens, and the abundant proofs they gave me of their con- fidence in me, rendered it alike unnecessary to take any formal notice of the revival of the imposition during my civil administration.
But as I can not know how soon a more serious event referring, of course, to the probability of his early death may succeed to that which will this day take place, I have thought it a duty that I owed to myself, to my country, and to truth, now to detail the circumstances above recited, and to "add my solemn declaration that the letters herein described are a base forgery, and that I never saw or heard of them till they appeared in print.
The present letter I commit to your care and desire it may be deposited in the office of the Department of State as a testi- mony of the truth to the present generation and to posterity.
It almost passes belief that George Washington, the President of the United States, should have felt himself constrained to place among the public records of his country, in order that future muck-rakers might not revive the stories, this effective denial of the truth of assertions contained in the papers of his day and generation.
Listen to this from the Aurora : " Lord, now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, " was the pious ejaculation of a man who beheld a flood of' happiness rushing in upon mankind.
If ever there was a time which would justify the reiteration of that exclamation, the time is now arrived : For the man who is the source of all the mis- fortunes of our country is this day reduced to a level with his fellow-citizens, and is no longer possessed of power to muUiplu evils upon Ihe United States.
If ever there was a period for rejoicing this is the moment.
Every heart in unison with the freedom and happiness of the people ought to beat high with exultation that the name of Washington from this day ceases to give a currency to political iniquity, and to legalize corruption A new era is now opening upon us, a new era which promises much to the people ; for public measures must now stand upon their own merits, and nefarious projects can no more be supported by a name.
When a retrospection is taken of the Washington admin- istration for eight years past, it is a subject of the greatest astonishment that a single individual should have canceled the principles of republicanism in an enlightened people just emerged узнать больше the gulf of despotism, and should have carried his designs against the public liberty so far as to have put in jeopardy its very existence.
Such, however, are the facts, and with these staring us in the face, this day ought to be a jubilee in the United States.
And this from the New York Daily Gazette: Now should the people rejoice exceedingly and let their hearts be glnd, for now is the source of all misfortune brought down to the level of his по этому адресу />Now will political Iniquity cease to be legalized by a name.
Having run the ship between rocks and shoals, he has abandoned the helm and left the vessel to her fate.
Bnt the muck-rakers did not cease their attacks even after the retirement of the President and the inauguration of his successor.
It is so vicious and so insidious that I am inclined to the belief that the writer, who signed himself " T.
Let me read it to you : Mr.
BACHE : I saw in your last number a letter signed " George Washington," solemnly tleuying the authenticity of certain private letters dated in 1770 and ascribed to him.
For the honor of this country I sincerely rejoice that those letters were not genuine ; but I must say that I think Mr.
Washington blamable for not having earlier noticed the forgery.
I own, for one, that his long silence produced in my mind disagreeable doubts others have felt them and I can not but think that as a servant of the public it was his duty immediately to have removed such doubts, since it was in his power to do it so readily.
His personal pride should have been overcome for the sake of his public duty.
The necessity of public confidence being attached to officers in important stations, especially in a "Government like ours, should have pointed out early to him the necessity, however disagreeable the task to his personal feelings, of stepping forward with a public denial of the unworthy sentiments attributed to him in those spurious letters.
Since he prevailed upon himself to break the ice, there is another subject on which the public mind, I think, should receive some light.
I have not known it lately to be a matter of public discussion, but it has been frequently brought forward in private conversations, and I never could find anyone capable of giving a satisfactory explanation, and probably from the old date of this transaction 1754 Mr.
Washington may be the only person capable of giving an eclaircissement.
The accusation in question is no less than having, while commanding a party of 'American troops, fired on a flag of truce, killed the officer in the act of reading a sum- mons under the sanction of such a flag, of having attempted to vindicate the act, and yet of having signed a capitulation in which the killing of that officer and his 4 was acknowledged as an act of assassination.
The charge is of too serious a nature, firing on a flag of truce is so unprecedented an act, even in savage warfare, and signing an acknowledgment of having been guilty of assassination so degrading to a man, and especially to a.
I have imagined this also must be some forgery, or that Maj.
George Washington, who was taken at Fort Necessity in 1754, could not be the same person as George Wash- ington, late President of the United States.
The transaction alluded to is recorded in a pamphlet published here in the year 1757, purporting to be the translation of a memorial containing a summary view of facts, with their authorities, in answer to the observations sent by the English ministry to the courts of Europe.
Washington can settle every doubt upon this subject by declaring whether this memorial was a forgery, whether the journal it contains, purporting to be his journal, and especially the capitulation, acknowledging the killing of Mr.
Jurnonville and his men to have been an act of assassination, were papers forged to answer the purposes of the French court, or whether he is the Major Washington there alluded to.
Of course the sole purpose of such slander was to embitter the declining years of Washington.
Although the incident referred to had occurred some forty- three years earlier, Washington had kept a journal of the military expeditions to which he had been attached as a major of militia, and one paragraph of that journal will suffice to show how malicious was the attack on the ex-President.
Washington had written : They say they called to us as soon as they discovered us, which is an absolute false- hood, for I was then marching at the head of the company, going toward them, and can positively affirm that when they first saw us they ran to their arms without calling, as I must have heard them had they done so.
The journal gives a complete account of the entire affair, and the muck-rak- ing newspapers did not long dwell upon the incident.
But perhaps the most bitter attack that was made upon Washington was that of Thomas Paine.
He had been a stanch supporter of the Federal Constitu- tion and of President Washington, and had frequently taken occasion как сообщается здесь exalt them both, not only in speech, but also in writing.
You will recall that he dedicated the first part of his Rights of Man to General Washington, and in that dedication addressed him thus : SIR : I present you a small treatise in defense of those principles of freedom which your exemplary virtue has so eminently contributed to establish.
That the Rights of Man may become as universal as your benevolence can wish, and that you may enjoy the happiness of seeing the New World regenerate the Old, is the prayer of Your most obliged, etc.
PAINB, S5352 8875 In the second part of tbe Rights of Man he eulogized Washington as follows : I presume that no mn In his sober senses will compare the character of any of the kings of Europe with that of Washington.
As soon as nine States had устройство APS (79165) and the rest followed in the order that their conventions were elected the old fabric of the Federal Government was taken down, and the new one erected, of which General Washington is President.
While they are receiving from the sweat and labors of mankind a prodigality of pay, to which neither their abilities nor their services can entitle them, he is rendering ecery sen-ice in Ms poirer and refusing crcry pecuniary reward.
He accepted no pay as commander in chief he accepts none as President of the United States.
He wrote to the Abbe Raynall and extolled the wisdom, the greatness, and especially the military genius of Washington.
During all these years he was a fulsome admirer of our first President.
While in France he became a mem- ber of the National Assembly at the time of the French revolution, and was one of the committee that sentenced Louis XVI to be beheaded.
Later on he quarreled with Robespierre, who promptly had him thrown into a dungeon.
He frantically appealed to Washington to take him out of durance vile, and because the President did not move expeditiously enough to suit Mr.
Paine in the matter and It is but fair to state that the President felt that Paine was entirely responsible for his unfortunate predicament, and that having expatri- ated himself and become a citizen of France, this Government was not justified in interfering in his behalf the erratic Thomas penned a villainous letter to the President, which, as a fair 4 of muck-rake literature, has few equals in the English language.
I shall not dwell upon the parts in which he roundly denounced the Federal Constitution, that instrument that he had so richly extolled before, but I will read to you a few paragraphs from this miserable screed, which, of course, was given generous circulation by that portion of the press that still continued hostile to Washington and his friends : When we speak of military character, something more is understood than constancy, and something more ought to he understood than the 4 system of doing nothing.
The nothing part can be done by anybody.
Thompson, the housekeeper of head- quarters, who threatened to make the sun and the wind shine through Rivington, of New York, could have done it as well as Mr.
Deborah would have been as good as Barak.
The successful skirmishes at the close of one campaign, matters that would scarcely be noticed in a better state of things, make the brilliant exploits of General Washington's seven campaigns.
A'o wonder tee see so much pusillanimity in the President when we see so little enterprise in the General.
You commenced your presidential career by encouraging and swallowing the grossest adulation, and you traveled America from one end to the other to put yourself in the way of receiving it.
Monopolies of every kind marked your administration almost in the moment of its commencement.
The lands obtained in the Revolution were lavished upon partisans ; the interest of the disbanded soldier was sold to the speculator; injustice icas acted under the pretense of faith, and the chief of the army became the patron of the fraud.
And as to you, sir, treacherous In private friendship and a hypocrite in public life, the world will be puzzled to decide whether you are an apostate or an impostor ; whether you have abandoned good principles or whether you ever had any.
But to my mind Paine's change of front is not unlike that of some of the muck-rake sheets of the present era.
Have not we all seen men high in public life extolled day after day and week after week in these muck-mking sheets or magazines, so long as they were willing to take the progrnmmp of the muck- raker?
And have not we all seen these same muck-rakers bespatter the same men with their vile slanders, their infamous abuse, simply because the victims had the nerve and the courage to follow the paths of duty according to their own light and the dictates of their consciences?
I will tell you more about him a little later on.
His name was Callender; and up to the time of Washington's death this in- famous wretch never lost an opportunity of vindictively attacking the former Chief Magistrate.
He frequently accused the latter of walking through the Constitution, through the privileges of the legislature, and through the re- spective duties of his office.
Of Washington's military ability he wrote: He was at the head of an army for seven years and a hnlf and was several times beaten his fame as a conqueror rests on tlie capture of 900 Hessians.
Washington was twice a traitor he first renounced the King of England and thereafter the old confederation.
His farewell paper contains a variety of mischievous sentiments.
Who notes or cares what vile slanders they published of him?
His name will live, a beacon light in the world's history, and his fame will never die while the world shall endure.
The President was constantly assailed by the Demo- cratic muck-rakers of that day.
I shall not dwell at any length upon the articles that the delver into the contemporaneous newspaper literature of that period will bring to light, but Https:// will content myself with quoting just a few excerpts from " The Prospect Before us," which was said to have been written and pub- lished by Calleuder while the latter was undergoing sentence in the Richmond Va.
He delighted to refer to President Adams as " a hoary traitor," and charged him with having " only completed the scene of ignominy which Mr.
Adams had remarked a resemblance of character between himself and the great and immortal Frederick of Prussia.
This will not seem incredible when we call to mind what is positively true, that Mr.
I should, upon ali common occasions, ahhor the smallest reference to personalities like this.
But it must be remembered that our American Frederick has placed himself at the head of a whole battalion of the trumpeters of 4 slander, and that an honest traveler mav with justice, knock down a footpad with the butt end of the robber's own pistol It 'is not so well known, as it should be, that this federal gem.
The historian will search for those occult causes that induced her to exalt an individnnl who has neither that innocence of sensibility which incites us to love nor that omnipotence intellect which commands us to admire.
He will ask why the United States de-rortAH themselves to the choice of a wretch whose soul came blasted from the hand of nat of a wretch that has neither the science of a magistrate, the politeness of a courtier the courage Утюг Atlanta ATH-5493 a man.
I think he indulged in hyperbole when he stated in this House that " the greatest calamity that ever befell the human race Snce the fall of Adam was the second election of Grover Cleveland.
But I want to emphasize this 11 that the muck-rakers may make the people wobble a little now and then, but they generally wobble back again at election time when they shall have learned the truth through the public discussion of great public questions.
That this is absolutely true is amply demonstrated in the life of that patron saint of Democ- racy, Thomas Jefferson.
That this attack was earnestly resented is evidenced by a letter he wrote to a friend, in which he said: Здесь never was executor but in two instances, both of which having taken place about the beginning of the revolution, which withdrew me immediately from all private pursuits, I never meddled in either executorship.
In one of the cases only were there a widow and children.
She was my sister.
She retained and managed the estate in her own hands, and no part of it ever was in mine.
In the other, I was a copartner and only received, on a division, the equal portion allotted me.
Again, my property is all patrimonial, except about seven or eight hundred pounds worth of lands, purchased by myself Морозильник Beko 25300 paid for, not to widows and orphans, but to the very gentlemen from whom I purchased.
But he was so fearful of a newspaper controversy that he added : I only pray that my letter may not go out of your hands, lest it should get Into the newspapers, a bear-garden scene into which I have made it a point to enter on no provo- cation.
He was a firm believer in freedom of speech, freedom of thought, and freedom of the press, but the viciousness of the news- paper attacks which were made upon him all through his administration so exasperated him that he actually advocated the appointment of government censors.
In a letter to President Washington he wrote the following: No government ought to be without censors, and where the press is free no one else ever will be.
A prominent Connecticut clergyman, in a campaign pam- phlet, charges him with gross immorality and dishonesty.
Mason, in a pamphlet which he called " The Voice of Warning to Christians," said: I dread the election of Mr.
Jefferson because I believe him to be a confirmed infidel.
Lay these things together, compare them, examine them separately and collectively ; ponder, pause, lay your hands upon your hearts, lift up your hearts to Heaven and pronounce on Mr.
You can not stifle your emotions not forbear uttering your indignant sentence infidel!
Parton, in his Life of Jefferson, is so indignant at the clergy of New England that he says they continued to revile the greatest Christian America hnd produced in terms surpassing In violence those which the clergy of Palestine applied to the founder of Christianity.
David Osgood, of Massachusetts, remarked, and " no better than the ' race of demons ' to whose service he has been devoted.
It was while he wns incarcerated there that he wrote the pamphlet, "The Prospect Before Us.
Almost immediately thereafter Calleuder made a demand upon Jefferson for the appointment to the postmastership at Richmond.
продолжить ferson, to his great credit, refused to make the appointment.
And then, as in the case when Paine attacked Washington, this miserable creature dipped his quill into gall and wormwood and day after day served his readers with the vilest abuse of the first President elected by the Democratic party.
He became the editor of the Richmond Recorder, and " filled that paper with countless stories, partly his own and partly gossip gathered among overseers and scandal mongers.
The sheet, hitherto a petty local publication, now found subscribers in the remotest sections of the country ; for Callender's character- istic onslaught was of the most ignoble, but certainly of the most effective kind.
He charged Jefferson with having been his friend and financial assistant and his confederate in the libels on Washington ; but his chief topic was Jefferson's private life, and his many tales were scandalous and revolting to the last degree.
It is stated that Every Federalist writer hastened to draw for his own use bucketful after bucketful from Calleuder's foul reservoir ; and that the gossip about Jefferson's graceless debauch- eries was sent into every household in the United States.
To be sure, such villainous abuse wears itself out in time ; but, alas, too many people are prone to believe all that they read in the newspapers and the maga- zines, and until the readers become better informed взято отсюда abuse has a malignant effect.
And so these publications of the muck-raker Callender so poisoned the mind of W'illiam Culleu Bryant, then a mere lad of 14 years, that this youth published The Embargo; A Satire, a poem of 600 lines, against Mr.
Rise, injured people, vindicate your cause, And prove your love of liberty and laws 1 Oh, wrest, sole refuge of a sinking land, The scepter from the slave's imbecile hand 1 Oh, ne'er consent obsequious to advance, The willing vassal of imperious France 1 Correct that suffrage you misused before, And lift your voice above a Congress roar ; And thou, the scorn of every patriot's name, Thy country's ruin, and her councils shame 1 Poor servile thing!
Who erst from Tarlton fled to Carter's cave ; Thou who, when menaced by perfidious Gaul.
Didst prostrate to her whiskered minion fall ; And when our cash, her empty bags supplied, Didst meanly strive the foul disgrace to hide, Go, wretch, resign the presidential chair, Disclose thy secret measures, foul or fair.
He, too, believed it gospel truth, arid ia consequence he wrote the following stanza : The patriot, fresh from freedom's councils come, Now pleased, retires to lash his slaves at home, Or woo, perhaps, some black Aspasia's charms, r And dream of freedom in his bondmaid's arms.
And in order that the reader might not mistake the reference the poet adds a footnote to tell him that President Jefferson was the patriot intended to be described.
Listen to this broadside : At home, agriculture, manufactures, the fisheries, navigation, and commerce were encouraged and extended.
The credit of немного Чай пуэр TeaTrad Пуэр Тун Джи / 2007 100 гр для HP 971, 971XL (CN622AE, CN626AE), InkTec (H5971-100MC) 100 мл, голубые бывает Nation was revived, its capital enlarged, and its revenues established, the public arsenals were replenished, a naval force created, and the American name upheld and revered throughout the world.
Such is the exact picture of our situation when Mr.
Jefferson came into office.
What la the state of the country now, as it passes out of his hands?
Why this this is Mr.
Jefferson's work : Our agriculture discouraged.
Our commerce at home restrained if not annihilated.
Our commerce abroad cut off.
Our navy sold, dismantled, or degraded to the service of cutters and gunboats.
The course of justice interrupted.
The military power exalted above the civil.
And by setting up a standard of political faith unknown to the Constitution the nation weakened by internal animosities and division at the moment when it is unnecessarily and improvidently exposed to war with Great Britain, France, and Spain.
So great a change accomplished in so short a time is unexampled in the history of weak and unfaithful administrations, and can have proceeded only from the want of that capacity, integrity, and prudence without which no government can long preserve the prosperity or tlie confidence of the детальнее на этой странице />I dare say that when these lines were written they created impressions among the American people not unlike the impressions that the muck-raker of to-day is trying to create against men high in public station.
As soon as he had been inaugurated he selected his Cabinet and made Henry Clay his Secretary of State.
Clay had also been a candidate, but his followers threw their strength to Adams and against Andrew Jackson, thereby insuring the defeat of "Old Hickory.
There were denials and countercharges, criminations and recriminations in the papers, ia pamphlets, and in the forum all through the administration of John Quiiicy Adams.
In addition to much personal and political abuse, a vile charge was published against the President, and I quote from Volume VII of his Memoirs, in which he tells the muck-rake story in his own way: 30th.
Everett called to 4 inquiries concerning an infamous calumny upon me contained!
It is that, while in Russia, I attempted te make use of a beautiful girl to seduce the passions of the Emperor Alexander and sway him to political purposes.
This is a new form of slander one of the thousand malicious lies which outvenom all the worms of Nile, and are circulated in every part of the country in newspapers aad pamphlets.
Everett the incident upon which this tale was raised : that when we went to Russia a very beautiful girl, a native of Boston, named- Martha Godfrey, went with us as chambermaid to my wife and nurse to our son Charles, then a child 2 years old.
Petersburg, Martha wrote a letter, perhaps to her mother, relating Btories that she had heard there of the Emperor's amours and gallantries.
This letter, having been sent to the post-office, was, according to the custom there, opened and sent as a curiosity to the Emperor, who was diverted with it and showed it to the Empress.
They both felt a curiosity to see the girl who had written this letter, and some of the ladies of the court, who had visited Mrs.
Adams, having seen Charles with his nurse, had spoken to the Empress of both in such manner ns still further to excite her curiosity.
The Empress than had a sister living with her, the Princess Amelia of Baden.
She ex- pressed a wish to see Charles, and he was sent one morning to her apartment in the palace.
Martha, his nurse, went with him, and while they were in the princess's apart- ment the Emperor and Empress both went there and passed perhaps ten minutes in talking with the child, and at the same time they had an opportunity of seeing the nurse whose letter had afforded them some amusement.
It is from this trivial incident that this base calumny has been trumped up.
There never was any other foundation for It.
Martha Godfrey was a girl of irreproachable conduct.
She returned to the United States with Mrs.
Smith, married a very respectable musical-instrument maker in Boston, and died there within the last three or four years.
Later on iu his memoirs he again refers to this matter: Mr.
Clay had a note verbale from the Russian minister, Baron Krudener, complaining of the slander upon the memory of the Emperor Alexander in the pamphlet noticed by Mr.
Everett, and inquiring if there were no means of obtaining reparation for it.
Clay to see the baron and say to him that there was no remedy against such libels in this country but contempt ; but to observe that in this particular instance the calumny upon the Emperor Alexander was slight and evidently used only as inducements to the infamous imputations upon me and my wife.
But fortunately there came a day 4 reckoning for the muck-raker Hill.
Presi- dent Jackson nominated him for the position of Second Comptroller of the Treas- ury, but the Senate, by a vote of 33 to 15, every Senator being present, refused to ratify his nomination, and no secret was made of the fact that confirmation was refused by reason of his attacks on President and Mrs.
узнать больше in his news- paper, the New Hampshire Patriot.
And oh, how the newspapers and pamphleteers grilled that other pride of Democracy, Andrew Jackson.
Let нажмите чтобы прочитать больше quote a few excerpts from the pens of the muck rakers of the Jackson period.
This is from the Richmond Enquirer : We can not consent to lend a hand toward the election of such a man as General Jackson.
He is too little of a statesman, too rash, too violent in his temper ; his meas- ures too much inclined to arbitrary government to obtain the humble support of the editors of this paper.
We could deprecate his election as a cross upon our country.
And harken unto this blast from the New York Evening Post: General Jackson, from the moment he was intrusted with command, has avowedly and systematically made his own will and pleasure the sole rule and guide of all his actions.
He has suspended the executive.
He has insulted the Executive of' the United States ; spurned its authority, disregarded and transcended its orders.
He has usurped the high prerogative of peace and war, intrusted by all nations to the sovereign power of the State, and by our own Constitution to Congress alone.
He has broken нажмите чтобы узнать больше known law of nations, and promulgated a new code of his own, conceived in madness or folly, and written in blood.
He has, in fine, violated all laws, human and divine.
The most virulent were two, christened, respectively, " We, the People," and the "Anti-Jackson Expositor.
In Philadelphia one John Binns issued a series of handbills, each bearing the outline of a coffin lid, upon which was printed an inscription, one of which I will quote to you : This marble cell contains the mpldering remains of the gallant David Hunt.
He was the son of a soldier of the Revolution, a volunteer in the Creek war.
He faithfully served his country 4 his tour of duty had expired, when he left the camp and returned to the home of his brave parent, where, learning that his tour of duty had possibly not expired, he returned to camp and to his duty, the veteran father saying, " Go, my son ; I am sure no harm can come to you ; I, too, have been a soldier, and under Washington, a soldier returning to duty which he had left in error always found mercy.
He was arrested, tried, a'nd shot to death at four days' notice, by order of Gen.
Andrew Jackson, on the 21st of February, 1815.
The militia of his native State erected this simple slab to his memory on the 4th of July, продолжить чтение />Oh, my friends of the Democratic minority, I join with you in reprobating this product of the muck-rakers' pen on your idol and the idol of the American people during his lifetime.
But did the assaults of the muck-rakers tarnish Andrew Jackson's fame?
Nor will the onslaughts of the uiuck- 353528875 15 rakers of the present tarnish the fair fame of those in high station to-day wJio are the targets for equally villainous abuse.
Long before the bleak November days shall have come the people will have seen the light of truth.
That majority which you so confidently hope for will not ma- terialize this year.
As the immortal Lincoln said : You may fool some of the people some of the time ; you may fool some of the people all of the time ; but you can uot fool all of the people all of the time.
What a world of emotion that name conjures up.
No wonder all of his biographers speak of the sad expression of his countenance.
Was ever mortal man so villifled, so abused, so traduced, so defamed as he was in his lifetime?
He was ridiculed, reviled, and lampooned as no other man in our country's history.
Gibes and jeers and sneers were his daily portion in the newspapers of this country, and even in some that were published abroad, dur- ing the whole civil war.
Lincoln was so outraged by the obloquies, so stung by the disparage- ments, his existence was rendered продолжение здесь unhappy, that his life became almost a burden to him.
Lamon, his lifelong friend, says that one day he went to the President's office and found him lying on the sofa, greatly distressed.
Jumping to his feet, he said : You know, Lamon, better than any living man that from boyhood up my ambition was to be President ; but look at me.
I wish I had never been born!
I had rather be dead than as President be thus abused in the house of my friends.
One delegate at Chicago declared that for less offenses than Mr.
Lincoln bad been guilty of the English people had chopped off the head of the first Charles.
Another arose and asserted that Ever since that usurper, traitor, and tyrant has occupied the presidential chair the party has shouted " War to the knife, and the knife to the hilt!
His cry is for more blood.
But why continue the recital of the calumnies, the insinuations, the half truths, and the downright lies that were printed in abuse of the great emanci- pator?
The muck-rakers who made his life miserable are rienrly all rotting in for- gotten graves.
But the name of Lincoln will shine resplendent through all the ages.
As long as the universe shall endure he will tower, giant-like, above the mere pygmies that hurled their scurrility at him, and the story of his life will prove an inspiration to millions of Americans in что LPC4078FBD144,551 моему generations yet to come.
Chairman, I could speak at great length of the abusive attacks that have appeared in the newspapers and the magazines of this country against Grant, and Garfleld, and Cleveland, and McKinley, aye, and against Theodore Roose- velt.
They had their detractors, their defamers.
But their fame rests secure In the hearts of their countrymen.
And while they all undoubtedly felt the injustice of the poignant shafts of abuse that were hurled against them by the muck-rakers of their respective periods, who to-day cares or even halfway remembers what was the nature or the character of the malicious onslaughts?
And so, my colleagues, we, too, can draw this moral from the lessons taught us by that fact : " To-day's newspapers are lost in starting to-morrow's fires.

Комментарии 7

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